Five Common Types Of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis: What's it all about? This condition is more common than any other type of arthritis. This is the wear and tear that occurs when your joints get too much use. It is most common with age. However, it may also occur due to joint injuries, obesity or other factors that put extra stress on your joints.

The most commonly affected joints are those that support weight, such as your hips, knees and feet. This can happen slowly over many months or even years. The affected joints feel tender. However, you won't get the symptoms of other forms of arthritis.

This is what happens: Your body loses its shock absorber. The slippery substance that protects the bones' ends, called cartilage, slowly begins to fall apart.

A good example is what happens to your knees after you get overweight. As the cartilage gets compressed between bones, extra weight puts more strain on it. Because it wears out and becomes damaged, there's less to cushion the joint.

Damaged cartilage can make movement difficult. The roughened cartilage can cause a gritty sound as the bone surfaces rub together. Painful spurs and bumps may develop on the ends of your bones. This is most common in the feet or fingers. It's possible for the joint lining to become inflamed with osteoarthritis.

The symptoms depend on the affected joint. This could be:

A deep, painful pain that can be difficult to dress, brush your hair or grip things. Morning stiffness, which typically lasts no more than 30 minutes, when you walk.

To the touch Warm and swollen Unable to move in a full range. Learn how you can manage OA at your home.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: What's it all about? RA is an autoimmune condition. The immune system is responsible for attacking certain areas of the body, particularly the joints. This can lead to inflammation that can damage your joints. One in five people with rheumatoid arthritis develop lumps under their skin. These are called rheumatoid nudules. They often develop over pressure points such as the elbows or heels.

What causes RA? Doctors aren't sure. Experts think that the immune system can become "confused" following an infection with bacteria or viruses and attack the joints. It can also spread to other parts.

Scientists believe two body chemicals, the tumor necrosis Factor (TNF) or interleukin-1 are linked to inflammation. This triggers other components of the immune system, such as the one responsible for rheumatoid-associated arthritis. The symptoms can be improved by taking medicine to block interleukin-1 and interleukin-6, which may also prevent further joint damage.

These symptoms can appear gradually or suddenly. They are more common than in osteoarthritis.

The most commonly used are:

You may feel pain, stiffness and swelling in the hands, wrists and elbows as well as your neck, shoulder, arms, back, chest, hips and jaw. Many joints can be affected by Rheumatoid Arthritis. There may be more than one swelling joint. It's usually small joints around your fingers, wrists and hands. The pattern is not symmetrical. The symmetrical pattern. You may feel your joints become more tender or painful over time. It can cause stiffness in the morning that lasts for many hours. It is possible to feel tired and have a decreased appetite. Get information about laboratory and blood tests to diagnose RA.

What is psoriatic arthritis? This condition causes inflammation of the joints and skin (arthritis) in people with it.

The symptoms of psoriasis include red, white, and raised patches of skin that is inflamed with scales. The most common areas affected are the tops of the elbows, knees, scalp and the area around the genital or anus.

Psoriatic arthritis will affect only 10% to 30% people who have psoriasis.

It can begin as young as the childhood. Both men and ladies are equally affected. Usually, the skin condition (psoriasis), is first to show up.

Psoriatic arthritis may cause swelling of the fingers and toes. It is common for people with it to have discolored or pitted fingernails.

For some, it may affect one or more joints. It could be in one or two knees. It can affect the spine, fingers or toes.

Find out how doctors diagnose psoriatic inflammation.

What's Gout? It is the accumulation of uric acid crystals within a joint. It's usually your big toe, or another area of your foot.

You may experience a sharp, sudden pain in your big foot after drinking. A gout attack can also be caused by stress, drugs or any other illness.

Even if the attack is not treated, it will usually last 3-10 days. You may not have another attack for months, or even years, although they will become more frequent over time. They may also last for longer. Gout can cause damage to your kidneys and joints if it is not treated.

Gout can be caused by one of the following:

Your body produces more uric acids. The uric acid that your body produces is not being processed by the kidneys. Too many foods can raise your uric acid level. You'll notice them almost immediately. You'll notice:

Tension in your joints: It will most likely occur under your big toe. But it may also affect your elbows and wrists. The pain will not go away completely, but it may still cause discomfort. Redness and inflammation: Your joint may be tender, reddened, or swollen. The joint may be difficult to move. Find out how to avoid gout.

Lupus, What is it? Lupus, also known as systemic lupus. This disease can impact your joints as well and other parts of your body.

It happens because: While doctors aren't sure what exactly causes Lupus, there is something that makes your immune systems malfunction. It starts to create inflammation and pain in your entire body.

Lupus can be more prevalent in women who are pregnant than in men. Lupus is more common in African American women than among white women. It is most common between the ages of 15 and 44.


Tired, stiff joints, headaches, and fatigue. Sun sensitivities, hair loss, and blood disorders like anemia, low levels of platelets or white blood cells. Heart disease, such as inflammation or pain in the lining, can lead to chest pain. Learn more about laboratory tests that are used to diagnose Lupus.