Early Signs and Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
Lifestyle changes can often control type 2 diabetes. Others may also require medication.
Type 2 diabetes can be difficult to detect until the condition affects your health. About one out of four people who have the condition are unaware they exist.
These symptoms may appear slowly. These symptoms may include:
You will feel more thirst. Sugar builds up and your kidneys have to work extra hard to remove it. The sugar pulls water from the tissues, making you thirsty. More hunger. You may feel more hungry because diabetes can prevent glucose from reaching your cells. Peeing often. Because your kidneys try to remove extra sugar, you'll be peeing more. Dry mouth. Your mouth can become dry from dehydration, frequent peeing and urination. You can lose weight without even trying. Losing sugar by peeing more can also lead to a loss of calories. Even though your eating habits are the same, you might be losing weight. Fatigue. If your body doesn't have enough energy to fuel its needs, it can cause fatigue and weakness. You may also feel dehydrated. Blurred vision. You may have difficulty focusing due to high blood sugar. Headaches. Headaches can be caused by high blood sugar. You may lose your consciousness. Your blood sugar may drop if you skip meals, take too many medications, or exercise. You could even pass out. Sores and infections that won't heal. Blood sugar levels that are too high can cause blood to flow slower and slow down the body's ability to heal itself. Tingling in the hands and feet. Your nerves can become damaged by Type 2 Diabetes. Red, swollen, tender gums. Infections in the gums or bones which hold your teeth in their place may make you more susceptible to developing them. Sometimes your gums can become infected and pull away from the teeth. It is possible for your teeth to become loose. To avoid complications from type 2 diabetes, it is crucial to control your blood sugar.
Hypoglycemia. Your blood sugar levels below 70 mg per deciliter (mg/dL) can result in accidents, comas and even death. Hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a high blood sugar level that exceeds 180-200 mg/dL. This can cause vision, heart and nerve problems, as well as damage to the kidneys. It can also cause death and coma over the long-term. Type 2 diabetes can lead to other problems in the long-term.
Diabetic ketoacidosis. Your blood sugar levels rise when you lack insulin. This causes your body to burn fat for energy. Ketones, which are toxic acids that can build up in your body and get into your urine, cause kidney damage. You can endanger your life and cause serious health problems. There are two types of blood vessel disease: heart and liver. High blood sugar and cholesterol are two of the most common conditions in diabetes. Your blood vessels and nerves responsible for controlling your heart health can be damaged by high blood sugar. Blood pressure can increase by as much as 20%. High blood pressure can double your chance of developing diabetes, making you more susceptible to stroke or heart disease. Nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy). It can lead to tingling or numbness in the feet and legs. This can cause problems in your digestion, heart, blood vessels and urinary tract. Eyedamage. Glaucoma can lead to: Glaucoma (a buildup pressure inside your eyes) Cataracts (a cloudiness around the lenses) Retinopathy, which causes damage to blood vessels within your eyes, Infections. It is more common to contract fungal or bacterial infections. Itching. It can be caused by dry skin, infections or poor circulation. You might notice it on your lower legs. Acanthosisnigricans. The velvety darker spots can be found on your neck and armpits as well as in the groin, hands and elbows. Diabetic dermopathy. Small blood vessel changes that appear as reddish or brown scaly spots. They are often found in your feet, and on the sides of your legs. Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum. The rare condition can also impact your blood vessels. The initial appearance is a reddened, dull area. However, it eventually becomes a bright, shiny, violet-colored scar. It could cause your skin to itch, or even crack. It is more common for women to experience this than it are for men. It can also be caused by allergic reactions. These could occur due to diabetes medications or insulin. Diabetic blisters orbullosis diabeticorum. They look similar to burns blisters. These can appear on your hands, backs, fingers and feet. Disseminated Granuloma Annulare. Red, brown or skin-colored rings, or raised arc-shaped areas around your trunk, ears and fingers could occur. Because it is rare among children and teenagers, Type 2 Diabetes in Children was previously called adult-onset diabetes. It has been more prevalent since the middle of the 1990s due to the increased prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Children.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in children who don't exercise enough or have a relative suffering from the disease. Type 2 diabetes is more common in children of Asian, Hispanic and Native American descent, as well as those who are Pacific Islander or Alaska Native.
Typ 2 Diabetes in Senior Adults: Your chance of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you get older. This is because insulin resistance can occur and the pancreas may not function as efficiently as before.
People 65 years and over are more susceptible to complications from diabetes, including heart attacks, eye conditions, lost of a leg (amputation) and kidney disease.