Alcohol use Disorder
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a chronic illness in which you can't stop or control your drinking even though it's hurting your social life, your job, or your health.
The range includes alcohol abuse. This is where drinking can have serious consequences. This includes alcohol dependence, or alcoholism. It is when your drinking habits are out of control. You can learn more about symptoms of alcohol addiction.
How much alcohol is too much?
Experts suggest drinking "in moderation" if you are going to be drinking. That means you should drink no more that one glass per day for women, and two for men. One drink equals:
- 1.5 oz of alcohol (such as whiskey, rum or Tequila).
- Five ounces wine
- 12 ounces beer
You can also look at how much alcohol you drink in a week to help determine your drinking habits. A woman who drinks more than seven drinks per week, or more often than that in any given day, is considered heavy or at risk. Men can drink more than 14 beverages per week, or four in one day.
Alcohol use disorder symptoms
A total of 16,000,000 Americans, both adults and teenagers, have an alcohol abuse disorder.
You can find the following signs in AUD:
- A strong desire to consume alcohol or a craving for it
- Control over your drinking habits is a problem
- When you don't drink alcohol, negative thoughts are not allowed
- Risky drinking
- Consuming alcohol that is not healthy for your health can cause you to lose enjoyment in other activities.
- Continue to drink, even if it causes or worsens problems
- Alcohol can cause you to stop doing important things or make them more frequent.
There are three types of AUD: mild, moderate and severe. It all depends on the severity of your symptoms. If one of the following statements is true, you may be suffering from AUD.
- Without alcohol, you can't fall asleep or relax.
- To get started, you need to have a glass of water in the morning.
- You must drink to be social
- As a way to get out of your emotions, alcohol is a good choice.
- After drinking, you drive.
- Mixing alcohol with medications is possible.
- Drinking alcohol is not permitted if you're pregnant with a child or looking after a small one.
- If you're asked by your loved ones how much alcohol you consume, don't answer the question.
- Drinking alcohol can cause you to be hurtful or angry.
- You may have difficulty remembering what you did while you were drinking.
- Drinking can make it difficult to fulfill your responsibilities.
- You have been charged with a crime for drinking.
- You attempted to quit drinking, but you failed.
- Drinking is a constant thought.
- You must drink more alcohol to feel the benefits of alcohol.
- After you quit drinking, withdrawal symptoms may include shakiness and nausea.
Alcohol Use Disorders
Even if your case is mild, it can have a serious impact on your physical and mental health. AUD can cause other health problems, which you should avoid by quitting drinking. It creates an unhealthy cycle.
In the short term, AUD could cause:
- Memory loss
These long-term effects can include:
- Stomach problems
- Heart issues
- Brain damage
- Permanent memory loss
- High blood pressure
- Scarring or cirrhosis of the liver
This increases your risk of taking dangerous risks. You are more likely to be injured or die from this.
- Accidents in cars Homicide Suicide drowning
- Anger problems, violence and neglect can all lead to a breakdown in your relationships with family members.
- Women who are pregnant run the risk of miscarriage. The risk for sudden infant deaths syndrome (SIDS), fetal alcohol Syndrome, and miscarriage is higher in pregnant women.
Alcohol abuse disorders: Risk factors and causes
There are many things that can lead to alcohol abuse disorder. These could include:
- A low self-esteem
- An approval is necessary
- Emotional problems can be managed
- Peer pressure
- It is simple to access alcohol
- A low socioeconomic standing
- Sexual or physical abuse
- An alcohol problem in the family
- Regular binge drinking
- It is important to start drinking at an early age
- Bariatric surgery
Diagnosis for Alcohol Use Disorder
The doctor might ask you about your drinking habits. They may also want to speak with family members and friends. Your doctor may also order laboratory tests and a physical examination to determine if alcohol abuse is negatively affecting your health.
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders says someone has alcohol use disorder if they meet two or more of 11 criteria in one 12-month period. The number of criteria that are true can determine whether AUD is mild, moderate, and severe.
These are the criteria:
- Use of alcohol for prolonged periods or in higher quantities than is intended
- Either a persistent desire to reduce or stop alcohol consumption or a failed effort
- You spend lots of time getting, using, and recovering from alcoholism.
- Alcohol cravings that lead to an inability to comply with obligations at school, home or work
- Continued alcohol use, even if it causes permanent or repeated problems.
- Even though alcohol is known to cause or worsen psychological or physical problems or other health issues, you should not drink it.
- Tolerating alcohol when more is needed to achieve the same effects
- Withdrawal from alcohol
Treatment for Alcohol Dependence Disorder
You may be eligible for one or several types of treatment depending on the circumstances. You want to live a healthier life and avoid drinking alcohol.
Alcohol withdrawal may occur if you quit drinking abruptly. It can lead to serious health problems. The following symptoms can be indicative of alcohol withdrawal:
- anxiety tremors or shakes
- nausea and vomiting
- heart palpitations
- Heart rate or blood pressure increases
- It is important to sweat
- Rapid, abnormal breathing
These symptoms should be reported to your doctor immediately. You can generally treat alcohol withdrawal without the need to go to the hospital. However, there are some serious cases that require you being admitted.
Counselling And Support
You can get therapy, either alone or with a group of people, to understand what caused your disorder. The support you receive will help to avoid alcohol use and stick with your treatment plan. It is vital to have the support and involvement of loved ones.
You may be prescribed one or more medications if your AUD is severe.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Disulfiram (Antabuse).
- Naltrexone, Vivitrol and ReVia
- Topiramate (Topamax).
Patients with severe AUD might need to be treated by professionals experienced in treating this disorder. The majority of programs include therapy, support groups and education.