Encephalitis: What does it mean?

An inflammation of the brain called encephalitis can occur from a number of Causes . These include viral infections and bacterial infections as well as autoimmune diseases. It can be accompanied by headaches, confusion and other neurological symptoms. Encephalitis may lead to permanent disability, or even death in some instances. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are approximately 8,00 0-10,000 cases of encephalitis in the United States every year.

Encephalitis: Common Causes

Encephalitis is most often caused by viruses. Herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 is most commonly responsible for encephalitis. These viruses cause Cold -sores.html"> Cold Sores as well as genital herpes. Measles and Rubella are all possible causes of encephalitis. Encephalitis can also be caused by bacterial infections such as Lyme Disease or Syphilis. Encephalitis may also be caused by an immune response. This is when the body mistakenly attacks brain tissue.

Encephalitis: Common Treatment s

The underlying causes of encephalitis will determine the treatment. Antiviral medication may be recommended for viral encephalitis. To reduce brain swelling, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. Antibiotics might be recommended if the problem is bacteria. To reduce body immune responses in cases of autoimmuneencephalitis, immunosuppressant Medications may be prescribed. For more severe cases of autoimmune encephalitis, intravenous immunoglobulin may be administered to reduce inflammation. Hospitalization is necessary in all instances to manage symptoms and provide support care.

Views of Experts on Encephalitis

Experts are unanimous in their belief that early treatment and diagnosis of encephalitis can reduce the severity and prevent long-term complications. Amesh Adalja is an infectious disease specialist from the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. He states that people need to be able to identify the symptoms and seek treatment immediately if they suspect they may have encephalitis.

Tips and Natural Remedies for Prevention

Natural remedies can be used to reduce the effects of encephalitis. Probiotics may be helpful in reducing inflammation, boosting the immune system and getting enough sleep. It has been proven that zinc and vitamin C can reduce the duration and severity of encephalitis symptoms.

The best thing to do to prevent encephalitis from happening is to be good at hygiene. This includes washing your hands frequently and not coming in close to sick people. The risk of getting infected with certain viruses such as the measles or Mumps can be reduced by vaccinating. You can also reduce your risk of getting infected by mosquito-borne diseases by using repellents and protecting yourself from the elements.


An inflammation of the brain called encephalitis can result from a number of causes. These include viral and bacterial infections as well as autoimmune diseases. Although early treatment and diagnosis are crucial, natural remedies can be used to reduce severity. Good hygiene practices and vaccinations against some viruses may help reduce your risk of getting infected. Encephalitis can be a very serious condition that should not be ignored.

The following article provides an overview of Encephalitis. It includes its causes and treatments. Expert opinions are also provided. Natural remedies and prevention tips can be found here. This information should help to make it clearer that encephalitis can be life-threatening and to encourage those who are affected to get the right medical care.