What's Transverse Myelitis?
A neurological condition called transverse myelitis, which is caused by inflammation at one segment or level of the spine cord, is known as transverse myelitis. Inflammation can disrupt communication between the spine and brain, causing paralysis, pain, weakness and sensory loss. This rare condition affects 1 out of every million people annually.
Although the exact cause is not known, transverse myelitis can be caused by viral and bacterial infections as well as autoimmune diseases such Multiple Sclerosis or side effects of certain medication. Sometimes, the condition can also be caused by psychological stress or physical injury.
Transverse myelitis: Common Causes
Transverse myelitis is most commonly caused by:
- Viral infections include Herpes simplex, varicella virus, Epstein-Barr, Epstein-Barr, Epstein-Barr, HIV and cytomegalovirus.
- Bacterial infections - Lyme Disease and Syphilis.
- Autoimmune disorders - including systemic Lupus, rheumatoid and systemic lupus.
- Side effects of medication, such as immunosuppressive and chemotherapy drugs.
- A spinal cord injury is an example of physical Trauma.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (Ptsd) is a psychological stressor.
Common Treatments For Transverse Myelitis
Transverse myelitis treatment depends on how severe the condition is and what the root cause of it. There are several common treatments for transverse myelitis:
- The use of corticosteroids to decrease inflammation and swelling.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs - To suppress your immune system and to prevent future attacks.
- Plasmapheresis is a procedure to remove antibodies from the blood that could be damaging the spinal cord.
- Injectable immunoglobulin, (IVIG), - To replace damaged antibodies with healthier ones.
- Rehabilitation is a way to assist patients in regaining mobility and functioning.
Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy are all options to aid patients in regaining strength, range, and mobility. Speech therapy is also available to assist with communication, swallowing, and other difficulties.
Transverse Myelitis Expert Opinions
Transverse myelitis is best managed early and properly treated, according to experts. Studies have demonstrated that early treatment and diagnosis can improve outcome and decrease the chance of disability. A study in Neurology showed that corticosteroids can be used early to reduce long-term disability risk by as much as 50% .
Experts recommend patients suffering from transverse myelitis to take measures to decrease their chance of experiencing a relapse. Avoiding strenuous exercise or exposure to extreme heat can help reduce the risk of relapse.
Prevention tips and Natural Remedies
There are many natural options for treating transverse myelitis. Relaxation and pain relief can be achieved through natural remedies like acupuncture and massage. It may also be helpful to make dietary adjustments such as eating less processed food and eating more fruits and vegetables.
Experts recommend that you avoid known triggers like stress and infection. In order to prevent transverse myelitis, vaccines for certain viruses such as flu may prove beneficial.
A rare form of neurological disorder, transverse myelitis results from inflammation in the spine. Although the exact cause of transverse myelitis is not known, it could be caused by bacterial or viral infections, medication side effects or physical trauma. The severity of transverse myelitis will depend on its cause. Treatments include corticosteroids and immunosuppressants as well as plasmapheresis, intravenous immuneglobulin, rehabilitation, and plasmapheresis.
Transverse myelitis can be managed by early diagnosis and timely treatment. Experts recommend that you take steps to decrease the chance of relapse. Some natural remedies, such as yoga and massage, may prove beneficial. It is also important to avoid known triggers, get vaccinated for certain viruses, and make dietary adjustments. Transverse myelitis patients can live full, active lives if they are treated properly.