Scarlet Fever: How to Understand the Causes and Treats

Scarlet fever is also called scarlatina and it's an infection caused by Streptococcus pseudogenes, a strain of bacteria. This disease is more common among children aged between five and fifteen years old, but it can also occur in adults. It is usually characterized by a reddened rash, which typically appears around the abdomen and chest. However, it can also spread to other areas of the body. It can be accompanied by fever, swelling of the lymph nodes and Sore Throat .

Scarlet fever, in most cases is mild and can be treated with antibiotics at home. If left untreated complications like Pneumonia , kidney infections or rheumatism can occur. It is highly contagious, and it can spread by direct contact or droplets of coughing or sneezing. Scarlet fever is easily treated with the right Treatment .

It all boils down to:

Scarlet fever symptoms usually appear in two to four days following exposure. Scarlet fever is most commonly characterized by a red, itchy rash. It usually appears on the abdomen and chest before moving to the rest of the body. It looks similar to a Sunburn , and may be characterized by small red bumps which can feel rough when touched. Additional symptoms may include high fever, headaches, nausea, vomiting, dry skin, and swelling of the neck.

Streptococcus Pyogenes is the cause of scarlet fever. This bacteria can be found in the throat and nose of those with the disease. You can spread it by close contact or via airborne droplets that are released from a person who is coughing or sneezing. Rarely, bacteria may also spread to contaminated foods and water.

Scarlet Fever: Common Causes

Scarlet fever can be caused by untreated strep. The same bacteria can cause scarlet fever and spread to others through contact. You can also spread the disease by sharing items, such as bedding, toys and utensils with someone suffering from the illness, or touching surfaces exposed to it.

Scarlet Fever: Common Treatments

Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics. This can reduce the severity of the disease and help prevent future complications. Most antibiotics can be taken orally. In some instances, they might need to go intravenously. Even if symptoms disappear, it is important that you continue the entire course of antibiotics. This will ensure that all bacteria has been eradicated.

There are natural treatments that may be used to manage scarlet fever symptoms. Drinking plenty of fluids is important to keep your body hydrated. Gargling warm saltwater to soothe sore throats and applying a Cold compress can help reduce fever.

Scarlet Fever: Expert Opinions and Professional Opinions

Experts are unanimous in their belief that timely treatment is crucial to avoid serious complications of scarlet fever. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that children should seek immediate medical attention if they experience a fever, rash or sore throat. It is possible to reduce long-term complications such as kidney damage and rheumatic fever by getting treatment early.

Medical professionals also recommend that you practice good hygiene to reduce your chance of getting the infection. The spread of bacteria can be prevented by washing your hands frequently, not coming in close contact with those who have been infected and cleaning surfaces. Although vaccines are available for those who are infected, they are not recommended for general use.

Tips and Natural Remedies

Scarlet fever is not curable. However, natural treatments can be helpful. For the body to fight the infection, it is important that you eat a nutritious diet and get plenty of sleep. Fluids should also be drank. Gargling warm saltwater with a cotton ball can soothe sore throats, while applying a cold compress to reduce fever can also help.

Good hygiene habits are essential to prevent scarlet fever spreading. The risk of getting infected can be reduced by washing your hands frequently, not coming into contact with people who have the disease, and cleaning surfaces. Although they aren't recommended, vaccines can be obtained.


Scarlet fever, a contagious bacterial illness that can be transmitted to others, is more common in children than in adults. Scarlet fever is characterized by red rash, sore throat and other symptoms like fever and swelling of the neck. The treatment is usually antibiotics. Natural remedies, such as fluids rich in saltwater and gargling with warm water can be helpful to manage symptoms. Good hygiene and avoidance of close contact can reduce the chance of getting the infection.

This article provides a complete overview of scarlet fever from the causes and symptoms to treatment and prevention tips. You can protect your family and loved ones by learning about the symptoms and possible complications of scarlet fever.